Here we have presented the Frame of Reference
as a method for streamlining coastal erosion management. We have
also seen that the Frame of Reference can be used as a guidance
for applying the EUROSION concepts for making erosion management
Although the steps in this Frame are logical and rational, the
practice of erosion management shows that many of them are omitted
or remain implicit. Often measures are taken without an explicit
strategic objective. Coastal state indicators are often not monitored
regularly and evaluations are seldom performed. This hampers an
effective and sustainable solution to the problem. It also makes
erosion control practices less transparent and thus difficult
to engage stakeholders in the decision-making process. We have
also concluded that the EUROSION recommendations have not yet
been implemented at EU and National levels.
We have formulated recommendations for end users at three different
levels: the policy makers at EU level, decision makers at national
(Member State) level and coastal practitioners at local and regional
level. At the EU level there are many potential policy areas where
the EUROSION concepts can be taken forward and made more operational.
Member States on their turn should set clear objectives for coastal
erosion management – if not done yet – and provide sufficient
budget for monitoring and interventions. And coastal practitioners
at local level have a task in implementing the EUROSION concepts,
monitoring and taking actions if necessary.
At EU level we propose the following recommendations:
- Promoting the use of the Inspire Directive to support the
standardized delineation of coastal sediment cells by incorporating
key input datasets required for such delineation into Spatial
Data Infrastructure standards being established under the terms
of the Directive.
- Promoting the designation of strategic sediment reservoirs
in marine planning by Member States under the Marine Strategy
Framework Directive and in the spirit of the Soil Strategy.
- Promoting the use of setback lines in urban areas by Member
States under the Thematic Strategy on the Urban Environment.
- Promoting a consistent approach to the monitoring of coastal
erosion, which will require cooperation between adjoining coastal
At national Member States level we recommend that:
- Coastal erosion policies be formulated at national level,
both for the short (event) and long (climate change) time scale.
- Member States use the four basic steps of the Frame of Reference
(defining the quantitative state, benchmarking, intervention
and evaluation) for implementing the policy at regional or local
- Member States should make effective arrangements with respect
to the budgetary requirements of coastal erosion management.
Accountability of actions that are detrimental to the favourable
sediment status should be part of such arrangements. The effectiveness
of public private partnerships under service level agreements
should be explored.
For the coastal practitioner we recommend to:
- Formulate CSIs in order to enable benchmarking and monitoring.
- Use the EUROSION concepts as guidance for making the steps
of the Frame of Reference operational.